yb体育

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大学毕业了,你往何处去
发布时间: 2018-11-26 来源:yb体育_官网

yb体育zuoweijingjishehuifazhandediyiziyuan,rencaiyouqishigaoxuelirencaiyizhishigechengshihediquzhengduodejiaodian。jieshougaodengjiaoyudelaodongzhenenggouweidifangdailaijudadejingjishouyi,cujinquyuchuangxinhejingjizengzhang。weici,zi2017niankaishi,gechengshizhankaijiliede“rencaizhengduozhan”。

woguogaigekaifangyilaidejingjikuaisufazhanyeshiyichengshiweihexindefazhan。genjuguojiatongjijudeshujujisuan,2017nianwoguo36gezhuyaochengshi(ji31geshenghuiyishangchengshihe5gejihuadanlieshi)dechangzhurenkoudezhanbijinwei19.1%,danshichuangzaodediqushengchanzongzhi(grp)dezhanbiquegaoda40.2%,erqitachengshijinongcunyi80.9%derenkouchuangzaole59.8%degrp,36gezhuyaochengshideshengchanxiaolvshiqitachengshihenongcunde2.85bei。yinci,yibeishangguangshenyilongtoudedachengshiduigaoxiaobiyeshengdejiuyejijuxiyinli。

yb体育zaigezhongjiuyeliudongzhong,chengjiliudongshigaoxiaobiyeshengshifenguanqiedeliudong。neime,gaoxiaobiyeshengzaibutongchengshizhijiandeliudongxianzhuangjiujingruhe?biyeshengjiuyezhongchengjiliudongdeyingxiangyinsuyounaxie?liudongshouyiyouduoda?bizhejiyu2017nian“quanguogaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyezhuangkuangchouyangdiaocha”shuju(sheji33suogaoxiao18076mingbiyesheng),jiejianxinyixianchengshiyanjiusuofabude《2016zhongguochengshishangyemeilipaixingbang》zhongduichengshileixingdehuafen,duishangshuwentijinxingfenxi,yiqiweigaoxiaobiyeshenggetitigongshengxuehejiuyejuecedecankao,weizhengfujinyibukaifanglaodonglishichang、gulihecujinrencaiheliliudong、tigaojingjifazhanxiaolv、cujinjingjikuaisuzengzhang,tongshiweigaodengjiaoyugaigehefazhantigongkezijiejiandeshizhengyiju。

高校毕业生流不流、谁在流、怎么流

jiejianfeigeanduiliudongdefenleifangfa,anzhaojiatingsuozaidi、xuexiaosuozaidihejiuyesuozaididezuheqingkuangjianggaoxiaobiyeshengdeliudongfenweiyixiawuzhongleixing: yishijixuliudong,zhixueshengweijiududaxuecongshengyuandiliudongdaogaoxiaosuozaidi,biyehouyouconggaoxiaosuozaidiliudongdaoshengyuandiheyuanxiaodiyiwaidedifangjiuye;ershifanhuiliudong,zhixueshengweijiududaxueerfashengleyoushengyuandidaogaoxiaosuozaidideliudong,biyehouyouconggaoxiaosuozaidifanhuishengyuandijiuye;sanshiqianqiliudong,zhixueshengcongshengyuandiliudongdaogaoxiaosuozaidijiuxue,biyehoujiuliuzaigaoxiaosuozaidijiuye;sishihouqiliudong,zhixueshengliuzaishengyuandijiududaxue,erbiyehouliudongdaoqitadifangjiuye;wushibuliudong,zhixueshengzaishengyuandijiuxue,biyehourengliuzaishengyuandijiuye,meiyoufashengguorenheliudong。

zongtieryan,zaigenjubizhedediaocha,you87%degaoxiaobiyeshengzaiqiuxuehuojiuyedeguochengzhongfashenglechengjiliudong,ertongnianbiyeshengkuashengliudongdebilijinwei42%,kejianyou45%degaoxiaobiyeshengzaiqiuxuehuojiuyeguochengzhongfashengguoshengneiliudong。zaifashenglechengjiliudongdexueshengzhong,jixuliudongdegaoxiaobiyeshengzhanbiwei32.7%,fanhuiliudongzhanbiwei21.9%,qianqiliudongzhanbiwei28.9%,houqiliudongzhanbiwei3.5%。

yb体育conggaoxiaobiyeshengjiatingsuozaichengshideleixinglaikan,biyeshengliudongmoshicunzaixianzhuchayi: jiatingsuozaichengshidejingjifazhanshuipingyuegao,biyeshengfanhuiliudonghebuliudongdebiliyueda,jixuliudongheqianqiliudongdebiliyuexiao。

jutilaishuo,yixianchengshibiyeshengzaibendijiuyedebilidadao72.2%,qizhong,44.9%debiyeshengzaiqiuxuehuojiuyeguochengzhongmeiyoufashengguochengshizhijiandeliudong,27.3%debiyeshengzaiyidiqiuxuezhihouxuanzelefanhuijiatingsuozaichengshijiuye;erxianchengshibiyeshengzaibendijiuyedebilidadao47.1%,jixuliudongheqianqiliudongdebilifenbiedadao22.3%he27.1%;ersanxianchengshiheqitachengshidebiyeshengbendijiuyedebilibudao30%,gengduodebiyeshengxuanzelejixuliudonghuozaixuexiaosuozaichengshijiuye。

bizhejinyibufenxizaiqiuxuehuojiuyeguochengzhongfashengguochengjiliudongdebiyeshengjiuyequxiang,faxianyixianchengshiheerxianchengshishiliudongbiyeshengjiuyedezhuyaoquxiang,zaizheiliangleichengshijiuyedebiyeshengbiliweijin70%。kejian,yusanxianchengshiheqitachengshixiangbi,yixianheerxianchengshiduigaoxiaobiyeshengdelalizuoyonggengqiang。jinguangaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyedezongtiqushishixiangshangliudong,danrengyouxiangdangbilidebiyeshengxuanzedaojingjifazhanshuipingxiangduijiaodidesanxianchengshijiqitachengshijiuye,kejianjijiyouxiaodejiuyejilizhengceduixinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyefahuizhejijizuoyong。

什么因素影响高校毕业生的城际流动

zairenkoutongjitezhengfangmian,gaoxiaobiyeshengzaichengshijiandeliudongbiaoxianchuxianzhudexingbiechayi,nvxinggengqingxiangyubuliudong,ernanxingjinxingjixuliudonghehouqiliudongdekenengxingxianzhugenggao。minzu、shifoudushengzinvhehukouduigaoxiaobiyeshengchengjiliudongmoshidexuanzemeiyouchengxianxianzhuyingxiang。

yb体育congjiatingbeijingyinsulaikan,yunongcunjiatingxiangbi,xianzhenjiatingdebiyeshenggengyoukenengjinxingjixuliudong、fanhuiliudongheqianqiliudong,erchengshijiatingzegengyoukenengxuanzebuliudongerfeijixuliudongheqianqiliudong。yujiatingrenjunnianshouruzai3000yuanyixiadebiyeshengxiangbi,jiatingnianshouruzai5001-10000yuanzhijiandebiyeshenggengqingxiangyujixuliudonghehouqiliudong;jiatingnianshouruzai10001-20000yuanzhijiandebiyeshenggengyoukenengfashengfanhuiliudong;jiatingnianshouruzai20001yuanjiyishangdebiyeshengjinxingjixuliudonghefanhuiliudongdekenengxinggengda,jiatingnianshouruzai20001-50000yuanzhijiandebiyeshengyegengqingxiangyujinxingqianqiliudong。

congrenlizibenyinsulaikan,yumeiyoudanrenguoxueshengganbudebiyeshengxiangbi,danrenguoxueshengganbudebiyeshengzaichengshijianjinxingjixuliudong、fanhuiliudongheqianqiliudongdekenengxinggengda。yubenkeshengxiangbi,zhuankeshengjinxingjixuliudong、fanhuiliudonghehouqiliudongdegailvxianzhugengdi,yanjiushengjinxingqianqiliudongdegailvxianzhugenggao、houqiliudongdegailvxianzhugengdi。yuanxiaoleixingshiyingxianggaoxiaobiyeshengjinxingchengjiliudongdezhongyaoyinsu,biyeyuyuanxiao“cengci”yuegaodebiyesheng,jinxingliudongdekenengxinggenggao,yuyuan985gaoxiaobiyeshengxiangbi,yuan211gaoxiao、yibanbenkehegaozhigaozhuanyuanxiaobiyeshengjinxingjixuliudonghefanhuiliudongdekenengxingjunxianzhugengdi。

yb体育congdiqujingjifangmiandeyinsulaikan,chengshijingjifazhanshuipinghechanyejiegouduiyugaoxiaobiyeshengchengjiliudongmoshidexuanze,youqishijixuliudong、qianqiliudonghehouqiliudongjuyouxianzhuyingxiang。jiuyesuozaichengshiduigaoxiaobiyeshengjuyouxianzhudelalizuoyong,jiuyesuozaichengshiderenjungrphedisanchanyechanzhizhangrpdebizhongyuegao,biyeshengjinxingyidijiuyedekenengxingyueda,erjinxingfanhuiliudongdekenengxingyuexiao;congjiatingsuozaididejingjifazhanlaikan,jiatingsuozaididerenjungrphedisanchanyechanzhizhangrpdebizhongyuedi,biyeshengyueqingxiangyuyidijiuye,zheifanyinglejiatingsuozaichengshiduigaoxiaobiyeshengxianzhudetuilizuoyong。

高校毕业生城际流动的成本与收益如何

yb体育bizheduibutongliudongmoshibiyeshengdeshouyihechengbenjinxingfenxihoufaxian,butongliudongmoshibiyeshengdeshouyihechengbencunzaixianzhuchayi。congyueqixinlaikan,jixuliudongzhezuigao,wei5271yuan,qianqiliudongcizhi,fanhuiliudonghebuliudongzhedeyueqixinjiaodi。congqiuzhichengbenlaikan,fanhuiliudongdebiyeshengqiuzhichengbenzuigao,houqiliudongzhecizhi,qianqiliudongzhezuidi。

congbiyeshengjiatingsuozaichengshilaikan,duiyuyixianchengshijiatingbiyeshengeryan,qianqiliudongbiyeshengdeyueqixinzuigaoqiechengbenzuidi;duiyuerxianchengshijiatingbiyeshengeryan,jixuliudongheqianqiliudongdeyueqixinjiaogao,houqiliudonghebuliudongdeqiuzhichengbenzuidi;duiyusanxianchengshibiyeshengeryan,qianqiliudonghejixuliudongdeyueqixinjiaogao,qianqiliudonghebuliudongdechengbenjiaodi;duiyuqitachengshibiyeshengeryan,tongyangshijixuliudongheqianqiliudongdeyueqixinjiaogao,qianqiliudongdechengbenzuidi。youcikejian,duiyugaoxiaobiyeshengeryan,xuanzeqianqiliudonghejixuliudongshihuodejiaogaoqixindezhuyaoliudongmoshi。

yb体育fenxijieguobiaoming,“jiuyeliudong”nengxianzhuditigaoshouru,erdanchunde“jiuxueliudong”meiyouxianzhuditigaoshouru。yubuliudongdegaoxiaobiyeshengxiangbi,jixuliudong、fanhuiliudonghehouqiliudongdeshouyijunxianzhugenggao。qizhong,houqiliudongdeshouyilvzuigao,wei14.5%;qicishijixuliudongdeshouyilv,wei10.7%;houqiliudongdeshouyilvjiaodi,wei4.91%。

市场主导、政府微调,鼓励高校毕业生自由流动

bizherenwei,shizhengyanjiujieguoduituilalilundezhichibiaoming,shichangzaigaoxiaobiyeshengdechengjiliudongzhongfahuizhezhongyaozuoyong,jingjifazhanshuipingyuegaodechengshiduigaoxiaobiyeshengdelalizuoyongyueqiang。yinci,yingchongfenfahuishichangzailaodongliziyuanpeizhizhongdezhongyaozuoyong,jianquanshichangjizhi、changtongliudongqudao、guifanliudongzhixu、wanshanfuwutixi,yicujingaoxiaobiyeshengzaichengshijiandeheliyouxuliudong。

congshijiechengshifazhandeguilvlaikan,jingjifazhanshuipingyuegaodeguojia,chengshihualvyuegao。shijieyinxing《shijiefazhanzhibiao》deshujuxianshi,2017nianshijiepingjunchengshihualvwei54.8%,gaoshouruguojia、zhongdengshouruguojia、dishouruguojiadepingjunchengshihualvfenbiewei81.5%、51.8%he32.4%。lingwai,jingjifazhanyuefadadeguojia,congxiaochengshixiangdaodachengshijijudexianxiangyuetuchu。jiujinshan、luoshanji、niuyue、lundun、bali、dongjingdengzhuyaofadaguojiadezheixiechengshirenkoumiduyuelaiyuegao,gaocengcirencaijuji。meiguogezhougechengshiderenkouhejingjiguimodefenbufeichangbujunyun,danbingmeiyouzaochengdiqu/chengshifazhandejudachayi,renjungdpfanerqutong,juminshouruchayidejinixishudoubusuangao。suiranmeiguodejingyanweibishihewoguodeguoqing,gaoxiaobiyeshengyoushiyigefeichangteshudequnti,danshi,bingmeiyouzhengjubiaominggaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyedeziyouliudonghuiladadiqu/chengshijingjifazhanshuipinghejuminshourudechaju。yinci,rangshichangpeizhigaoxiaobiyeshengziyuanyinggaishigengyouxiaolvde。

yb体育tongshi,bizherenwei,youyushichangshilingzhuangkuangdecunzai,duiyuteshuxingye、teshudanwei、teshugangwei、guojiahedifangjingjishehuifazhandeteshuxuyaodeng,yingjijifahuizhengfudehongguandiaokongzuoyong,tongguochutairencaiyinjinzhengcexinagaoxiaobiyeshengjiuye。tebieshiduiyujingjifazhanshuipingxiangduijiaoruodesanxianchengshiheqitachengshi,chulejijitishengjingjifazhanshuipingwai,yekeyitongguoxueruoliudongbilei、fabujilizhengcedengfangshi,jijixiyingaoxiaobiyeshengdaodangdijiuye。youweidezhengfuyinggaiweiyouxiaodeshichangchuangzaolianghaodefazhanhuanjing,bingzhongdianfazhanshichangshilingdexingyehebumen,lizhengjiangyouweizhengfuyuyouxiaoshichangjinxingzuijiazuhe,shixianjingjihejiuyedegenghaofazhan。

duiyugaoxiaobiyeshengeryan,renlizibenjileishicujinliudongdezhongyaoyinsu。bizhejianyi: gaoxiaobiyeshengyingnulitishengzishenrenlizibenshuiping,peiyangyulaodonglishichangxiangshiyingdegexiangnengli,zengqiangliudongyiyuanheliudongnengli,zuidaxiandudicujinrenjinqicai、caijinqiyongdeshixian。tebieshiduiyuneixieyouchuangxinyiyuanhechuangyexuqiudebiyesheng,yueshidachengshiyueshichuangxinrencaijizhongdedifang,jishuhezijinyuefengfu,chuangyedehuanjingyuehao,chenggongdegailvyueda。yinci,gaoxiaobiyeshengzaixuanzejiuyechengshideshihou,yinggaikaolvshifounengjianggerendexingqu、zhuanyeyugongzuogenghaodijiehezaiyiqi,fahuichugerendesuoxuesuozhang,shigerenxiaoyongdadaozuidahua,tongshiyenengweishehuizuochugengdadegongxian。

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